Diamonds have a long history. Dinosaurs and other extinct beings lived in the past. The largest diamond is 3.2 billion years old, while the youngest is 900 million.
The hardest natural material known to man is diamond. It has a hardness of 58 times that of the hardest metal on the planet.
A diamond can only be cut by another diamond.
Each stone loses more than half of its original weight through cutting and polishing.
Just about 5% of diamonds used in jewelry are larger than one carat.
Diamonds come in a range of shades. Red is the most unusual.
In 1905, the world’s largest gem-quality diamond, Cullinan, was discovered in South Africa. Before it was sliced, it weighed 3,106 carats (roughly the size of an ostrich egg).
In a diamond auction, the highest price charged per carat was $ 1 million for a purplish red diamond weighing 0.95 carats.
Just one double-decker bus could be packed if all the diamonds carved since the beginning of time were collected.
The word ‘diamond’ derives from the Greek word ‘adamas,’ which means ‘unconquerable.’
The word ‘carat’ comes from the seed ‘carob’, which was used as a measure of weight for weighing gemstones in ancient times.
The custom of giving diamond rings as a token of love and loyalty dates back to the 15th century, when Archduke Maximillian of Austria gave Mary, Duchess of Burgundy, a diamond ring during her marriage. The tradition of wearing a ring on the fourth finger of the left hand comes from the ancient Egyptians’ belief that the ‘vena amoris’ (love vein) directly reached the heart from this finger.